Camăr

Camăr commune is located in the northwestern part of the country, on Toglaciului Hillocks, belonging to the marginal Platform of Sălaj, being placed in the west of the county and comprised between Barcău and Crasna. The administrative territory of Camăr commune is presented as an area of hills fragmented by valleys.


Camăr commune consists of 2 localities: Camăr - residence of commune and Pădureni village.


Camăr commune is located at the northwestern boundary of Sălaj county, having as neighbors as follows: to the north, Satu Mare county and Bobota commune; to the east, Carastelec commune; to the south, Ip commune; to the west, Bihor county and Balc commune. Economically speaking, Camăr commune is situated in the category of localities with predominantly agricultural function, presenting the conditions for an agricultural and industrial development of the local agricultural products processing.


Camăr locality is of gathered type, organized on radial lanes, with the garden in the back of the yard. In the central area, located in the depressionary area of the territory, outlines a nucleus made up of the church and a series of other constructions, of elongated shape, covering almost compact a narrow island between two parallel streets, possibly resulting after the occupation of a wider central space of "market" type. The parcels in this area have shallow rectangular shapes, with well-connected fronts, continue on some parts.


In the central area the main ordinator element is constituted by Camărului Valley, whose riverbed practically accompanies the street on a length of approx. 700 m, between the running carriageway and the eastern sidewalk.


Downstream from the center, the street splits into two roads located on both sides of the valley, at a distance of about 100 m from the riverbed.


To the outside of the hearth, generally along the small valleys, but also going up to the ridge of the hills, develop radial streets, bound together with streets parallel to the level curves, making a network between which the urban tissue is more and more thin. On these streets the parcels have elongated rectangular shapes, with the narrow side to the street. The alignments are not as compact as before, although the dwelling's location is maintained in front of the street.


Pădureni Locality is a deserted village, devoid of inhabitants.


History


Camăr residence of commune is documentary attested at June 19, 1349 under the name of Kemer, once with the delimitation of Dersyk estate.


Over the years, the locality was also recorded: 1435 - Kemer, 1477 - Kémer, 1546 - Kemyr, 1733, 1737 - Kameru, 1850 - Kemér, 1854 - Kémer, Camer.


Pădureni locality was attested for the first time in 1956, until then this being a hamlet of Camăr locality. On the date of the attestation, the locality comprised around 7 households.


On the territory of Camăr commune, the only known archaeological site lies in the point "Csonkas", the area having the appearance of an elongated ridge, located to the SW of the locality. In the fall of 1979, E. Lako from the museum in Zalău discovered prehistoric pottery during some field researches, mostly atypical. The archaeological excavations have not been made at this point. By aspect, the pottery discovered in the point "Csonkas" can be incorporated more widely into the period of the Bronze Age. The archaeological discovery suggests the presence of an archaeological resort in the Bronze Age, whose character can not yet be specified in the absence of the actual archaeological researches. Along with other contemporary resorts discovered in the northwest of Sălaj, the site from "Csonkas" is important especially to specify the dynamics of the human habitation from the Bronze Age in this area.

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