Carastelec

Agriculture


The dominant profile of the agriculture of the county is given by the mixed production, vegetal and animal, which results also from the division of the agricultural surface - in approximately equal weightings - in arable land, respectively pastures and hayfields. The main vegetal crops that are found in Salaj County, that occupy the largest arable surfaces, are: corn, wheat, rye, oats, potato, sunflower, vegetables and others.


For the culture of vine for wine the natural conditions are more favorable compared to the production of grapes for consumption. Regarding the culture of fruit trees, the best conditions are met by plum trees, followed by apple trees, pear trees, cherry trees and sour cherry trees. The areas that meet the most favorable natural conditions for fruit trees are: Simleu Silvaniei, Nusfalau, Valea Pomilor, Zalau.


Livestock farming represents an important sector of the agriculture of the county due to the large surfaces of pastures and hayfields. There are numerous monthly and fortnightly fairs, such as those from Zalau, Jibou, Crasna, Nusfalau, Ileanda, Sarmasag, Buciumi, Simleu Silvaniei, Cehu Silvaniei and exhibitions- animal fair at Zalau, Crasna, Somes Odorhei, Cehu Silvaniei in which are highlighted the most valuable specimens. The fundamental strategic objective in the development of the animal husbandry of Salaj is represented by the transition to the market economy and the preparation for adapting the animal production to the European Community requirements.


Geographical location


Carastelec commune is located in the north-western part of Sălaj County, 47 km away from Zalău municipality and 18 km away from Şimleu Silvaniei municipality, in the hilly area of the platform of Salaj in Toglaciului Hillocks. Carastelec is bordered by the communes: Camăr to the West, Şimleu Silvaniei to the South, Bocşa to the East, and Măieriște to the North. The access in the commune is made on DJ 110, DC-100, 20 km away from the future highway.


The commune is made up of the following localities: Carastelec - residence of commune and Dumuslău village.
Carastelec village is documentary attested in 1241 under the name of "Kaloztelek", and Dumuslău village is mentioned in documents since 1418 under the name of "Domozlo". The existing built fund, with groomed households, specific to villages with population mostly of Hungarians, together with the traditions and customs well preserved here, make from Carastelec an attractive area in terms of tourism. Vine cultivation has made it possible for the commune and its inhabitans to be noticed.


The local economy


The economy of the commune is supported by the agricultural sector, sector in which the arable holds over 50% of the total surface of the commune. Vine cultivation (approx. 100 ha) has made it possible for the commune and its inhabitans to be noticed for the quality of the wine produced here. For the development and capitalization of the work in agriculture, the local administration is interested in attracting some investors, acting accordingly. Investments are needed for the expansion and modernization of the current agricultural holdings by stimulating the development of some ecological vegetal farms, structured on specific crops, of some organized animal breeding farms, through the development of the associative structures capable to achieve profitable agricultural production activities. It is also necessary to ensure optimal conditions for processing and selling the agricultural and animal products, to attract some suppliers of specific services in the field of mechanization, phytosanitary protection, acquisition of selected and treated seeds, artificial insemination of the animals, domains that can positively influence the quality and profitability of the agricultural activities. For the development of animal husbandry are made investments in the arrangement of farms or microfarms of organized animal farming and the endowment with collecting and processing centers of the products: meat, wool, hides, etc.

 

Traditions: Carastelec


Carastelec commune has preserved over time its traditions which are cultivated every year, an important role being played by the young people of the settlement. Among these, the best preserved are: the traditional costume and the traditional dance but also traditional customs that accompany the religious events and not only.


The most representative within the traditional architecture are the sun-type ornamental motifs on the front of the houses.


The costume and traditional dance in Carastelec locality are carefully preserved by all the community members. The young people from the community get involved in all the events regarding the preservation of the traditions.


The inhabitants of Carastelec commune are keepers of traditions, among these standing out in particular the ones specific to the Hungarian ethnic group, cultural activities occasioned by religious holidays which still retain the charm of the times gone. The cultural life of the community is supported by the festivities and events organized within the Community Center. The children and the young people of the commune organize, under the guidance of the community center director and of the teaching staff festivities such as masked ball, manifestations and celebrations of Easter, Christmas, etc. Moreover, every year is celebrated farsagul, the carnival in the last Sunday before the Roman - Catholic fasting. The community is informed about cultural events in the region, permanently preoccupied to attend the theater performances held in Șimleul Silvaniei town.


Local events


Every year before the Easter fasting in Carastelec is organized the masked ball, called in Hungarian language the period of "farsang". The locals celebrate "the death" of winter and the arrival of spring.


The competition "Wines of Salaj"


The competition usually takes place on September 15 when the sons of the village are returning from abroad to be back together again with their families. It is a celebration loved by the locals that lasted over years.

 

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